Much of the fire retardant-treated wood in construction today is used in interior applications. In these uses, the wood is protected from the weather and from moisture. It can be found in wall framing, ceiling joists, roof trusses and other structural elements of a building.
The chief reason to use fire retardant wood in interiors is to increase safety reducing or slowing the spread of flames and smoke to give people time to safely exit the structure during a fire. Interior fire retardant wood also can reduce the destruction and damage to a structure, giving fire services more time to extinguish the blaze.
Wood pressure treated with interior fire retardants are typically sold under the brand name of the retardant. The four retardants available today include:
D-Blaze, manufactured by Viance LLC, is regularly used in multifamily and commercial structures, helping reduce construction and insurance costs.
Produced by Lonza Wood Protection, Dricon was introduced in 1981 and for decades has been used successfully in a variety of structures and projects.
Using a proprietary formulation that contains no phosphates, FirePro from Koppers Performance Chemicals offers exceptional fire performance without compromising other engineering properties of the wood.
Developed by Fire Retardant & Chemical Technologies, LLC., FlameTech is a high-performance, Class-A, fire retardant for plywood and lumber that has also achieved "certified and listed" 1-hr & 2-hr fire-resistance rated wall assemblies - no mineral wool or high-density insulation required.
Other interior fire retardants used by Western treaters include Pyro-Guard, which is designed for use in a wide variety of enclosed structural applications and many other interior applications.
Each interior fire retardant has passed the code-required testing and is approved for use under the building codes per an ICC-ES Evaluation Report for each formulation.
Lumber and plywood that has been treated for interior can be identified by the required quality mark, which will list the name of the fire retardant, the flame spread or smoke developed value and the ICC-ES report number confirming its conformance.
Use the links above to download specification guides and other important information on each fire retardant.